BamUtil: validate

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Contents

Status

The initial version of a SAM/BAM Validator is complete, but does not yet validate all fields or produce all desired statistics. Future releases will add more validation and more statistics.

Download

http://genome.sph.umich.edu/wiki/BamUtil After compiling, the BAM Validator is found in bamUtil/bin/bam and is the "validate" subprogram (bamUtil/bin/bam validate).

Purpose

The BamValidator processes the specified SAM/BAM file:

  1. to determine if it has any syntactic or format violations.
  2. to generate basic statistics.

The user can then decide if they want to use the file for future processing based on whether it passed syntactic/format validation and based on the statistics that were reported.


Valid SAM/BAM File Requirements

A valid SAM/BAM file meets the validation criteria specified in SAM Validation Criteria.

Statistic Generation

Statistics are generated by the BAM Validator if the --disableStatistics option is not set. A description of the statistics generated are found at: Sam File Statistics

Usage

	./bam validate --in <inputFile> [--noeof] [--so_flag|--so_coord|--so_query] [--maxErrors <numErrors>] [--verbose] [--printableErrors <numReportedErrors>] [--disableStatistics] [--params]

Recommended Usage

If you don't want the file statistics, use --disableStatistics.

If you want to validate that the file is sorted, use the appropriate sorting flag. If you trust the @HD SO flag, use so_flag, otherwise if you want to check that it is sorted by coordinate, use --so_coord.

If you want to see the error details, use --verbose, but if you want to limit the number of errors displayed, use --printableErrors.

If you just want to know if the file is validly formatted or not, use --maxErrors 1

The following will give the most information (without validating that the file is sorted):

./bam validate --in <inputFile> --verbose

Parameters

	Required Parameters:
		--in : the SAM/BAM file to be validated
	Optional Parameters:
		--noeof             : do not expect an EOF block on a bam file.
		--refFile           : the reference file
		--so_flag           : validate the file is sorted based on the header's @HD SO flag.
		--so_coord          : validate the file is sorted based on the coordinate.
		--so_query          : validate the file is sorted based on the query name.
		--maxErrors         : Number of records with errors/invalids to allow before quiting.
		                      -1 (default) indicates to not quit until the entire file is validated.
		                      0 indicates not to read/validate anything.
		--verbose           : Print specific error details rather than just a summary
		--printableErrors   : Maximum number of records with errors to print the details of
		                      before suppressing them when in verbose (defaults to 100)
		--disableStatistics : Turn off statistic generation
		--params            : Print the parameter settings
	PhoneHome:
		--noPhoneHome       : disable PhoneHome (default enabled)
		--phoneHomeThinning : adjust the PhoneHome thinning parameter (default 50)

Required Parameters

Input File (--in)

Use --in followed by your file name to specify the SAM/BAM input file.

The program automatically determines if your input file is SAM/BAM/uncompressed BAM without any input other than a filename from the user, unless your input file is stdin.

A - is used to indicate to read from stdin and the extension is used to determine the file type (no extension indicates SAM).

SAM/BAM/Uncompressed BAM from file --in yourFileName
SAM from stdin --in -
BAM from stdin --in -.bam
Uncompressed BAM from stdin --in -.ubam


Note: Uncompressed BAM is compressed using compression level-0 (so it is not an entirely uncompressed file). This matches the samtools implementation so pipes between our tools and samtools are supported.

Optional Parameters

Do not require BGZF EOF block (--noeof)

Use --noeof if you do not expect a trailing eof block in your bgzf file.

By default, the trailing empty block is expected and checked for.

Reference File (--refFile)

Use --refFile followed by the reference file name to specify the reference sequence file.

Validate Sort Order (--so_flag, --so_coord,--so_query)

Validate the sort order of the file:

  • --so_flag - based on the flag in the header
  • --so_coord - based on the coordinates/positions
  • --so_query - based on the query/read names

Print Specific Errors (--maxErrors)

Use --maxErrors followed by a number to specify the maximum number of records with errors/invalids to process before quiting.

-1 (default) indicates to not quit until the entire file is validated.

0 indicates not to read/validate anything.

Print Specific Errors (--verbose)

Use --verbose to print specific error details rather than just a summary.

Maxium Number of Record Error Details to Print (--printableErrors)

Use --printableErrors followed by a number to specify the maximum number of records with errors to print the details of before suppressing them. This parameter is only valid when --verbose is also specified.

The default is 100.

Disable Statistic Generation (--disableStatistics)

Use --disableStatistics to turn off statistic generation (statistics are generated by default).

Print the Program Parameters (--params)

Use --params to print the parameters for your program to stderr.

PhoneHome Parameters

See PhoneHome for more information on how PhoneHome works and what it does.

Turn off PhoneHome (--noPhoneHome)

Use the --noPhoneHome option to completely disable PhoneHome. PhoneHome is enabled by default based on the thinning parameter.

Adjust the Frequency of PhoneHome (--phoneHomeThinning)

Use --phoneHomeThinning to modify the percentage of the time that PhoneHome will run (0-100).

  • By default, --phoneHomeThinning is set to 50, running 50% of the time.
  • PhoneHome will only occur if the run's random number modulo 100 is less than the --phoneHomeThinning value.
  • N/A if --noPhoneHome is set.

Output

The error details (--verbose) and the statistics are printed to stderr. If you want that to go to a file you need to redirect stderr.

For a bash shell, redirect to stderr by doing:

./bam validate --in <inputFile> --verbose 2> outputFile.txt


Return Value

  • 0: all records are successfully read, are valid, and are properly sorted.
  • non-0: at least one record was not successfully read, not valid, or not properly sorted.

Example Outputs

Valid File

./bam validate --in ~/data/bamExample/37mer_alt.bwa.bam

Number of records read = 18900000
Number of valid records = 18900000

TotalReads(e6)	18.90
MappedReads(e6)	14.77
PairedReads(e6)	18.90
ProperPair(e6)	11.28
DuplicateReads(e6)	0.00
QCFailureReads(e6)	0.00

MappingRate(%)	78.17
PairedReads(%)	100.00
ProperPair(%)	59.68
DupRate(%)	0.00
QCFailRate(%)	0.00

TotalBases(e6)	699.30
BasesInMappedReads(e6)	546.67
Returning: 0 (SUCCESS)

Invalid File

./bam validate --in test/testFiles/testInvalid.sam 

Number of records read = 32
Number of valid records = 2

Error Counts:
	FAIL_PARSE: 17
	INVALID: 1
	INVALID_QNAME: 3
	INVALID_RNAME: 8
	INVALID_POS: 2
	INVALID_CIGAR: 2
	INVALID_QUAL: 2

TotalReads	14.00
MappedReads	14.00
PairedReads	6.00
ProperPair	0.00
DuplicateReads	0.00
QCFailureReads	0.00

MappingRate(%)	100.00
PairedReads(%)	42.86
ProperPair(%)	0.00
DupRate(%)	0.00
QCFailRate(%)	0.00

TotalBases	47.00
BasesInMappedReads	47.00
Returning: 7 (INVALID)

Invalid File with Verbose

Printable errors is specified to produce a smaller example that does not print all the errors since that would take up more space.

./bam validate --in test/testFiles/testInvalid.sam --verbose --printableErrors 5

Record 1
INVALID_QNAME (ERROR) : Invalid Query Name - the string length (256) does not match the specified query name length (0).
INVALID_QNAME (WARNING) : Invalid Query Name (QNAME) length: 256.  Length with the terminating null must be between 2 & 255.

Record 2
INVALID: 0 length Query Name.

Record 3
INVALID_QNAME (WARNING) : Invalid character in the Query Name (QNAME): ' ' at position 2.

Record 4
FAIL_PARSE: flag, 29M5I3M:F:295, is not an integer.
FAIL_PARSE: Invalid Tag Format: *, should be cc:c:x*.

Record 5
FAIL_PARSE: Too few columns (1) in the Record, expected at least 11.


Number of records read = 32
Number of valid records = 2

Error Counts:
	FAIL_PARSE: 17
	INVALID: 1
	INVALID_QNAME: 3
	INVALID_RNAME: 8
	INVALID_POS: 2
	INVALID_CIGAR: 2
	INVALID_QUAL: 2

TotalReads	14.00
MappedReads	14.00
PairedReads	6.00
ProperPair	0.00
DuplicateReads	0.00
QCFailureReads	0.00

MappingRate(%)	100.00
PairedReads(%)	42.86
ProperPair(%)	0.00
DupRate(%)	0.00
QCFailRate(%)	0.00

TotalBases	47.00
BasesInMappedReads	47.00
Returning: 7 (INVALID)