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# Changes

→VT META ANALYSIS

where <math>j</math> represents any allele frequency in a group of rare variants, <math>\boldsymbol{\phi}_{f_j}</math> is a vector of 0 and 1, indicating if a variant is included in the analysis using frequency threshold <math>f_i</math>.

As described by Lin et. al, the p-value of this test can be calculated analytically using the fact that the burden test statistics together follow a multivariate normal distribution with mean <math>\mathbf{0}</math> and covariance <math>\boldsymbol{\Omega}</math>, written as

<math> \left(T_{b\left(f_1\right)},T_{b\left(f_2\right)},\dots,T_{b\left(f_m\right)}\right)</math><math>\sim\mathbf{MVN}\left(\mathbf{0},\boldsymbol{\Omega}\right) </math>,